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What exactly is acne?

Of all human experiences, acne might be the most universal. Acne occurs when there is an increase in the production of oil (sebum) in the skin. Other factors that contribute to acne are an increase in the number of dead skin cells around pores which leads to clogging of the skin’s opening. Bacteria may then build up around the pores causing inflammation.

There are several reasons pores can clog, including bacterial infections, stress, obesity and diet; however, the root of most acne is in androgens, sex hormones like testosterone that are present in both men and women. When levels of these hormones fluctuate, your pores become inflamed and risk becoming clogged.

Causes of adult acne

Normally, acne impacts people during puberty, when hormonal levels are in constant fluctuation. It’s normal for people of any age to seek out an adult acne treatment, because stress can cause fluctuations in cortisol, a hormone that reduces testosterone levels. This hormonal imbalance causes inflammation that can lead to acne.

Stress hormones aren’t the only culprit. Improper face washing or genetics can make pores vulnerable to Propionibacteria, a type of bacteria that can cause or worsen acne flares. The causes of acne may be many, but fortunately there are several effective treatments.

Treating adult acne

Whatever the cause, it’s important to treat adult acne properly. This is because acne can cause scarring and effect your self esteem. While prevention is always the best medicine, there are several medicines in topical and pill form that treat the inevitable flare up.

Reducing stress is one way to treat adult acne treatment. If your body is dehydrated and fatigued, it’s harder for the body to repair itself. Getting a full night of sleep, drinking plenty of water and eating a balanced diet can help keep the pimples from popping up. Try techniques like meditation to reduce mental stress.

If lifestyle changes are not working there are several great medical options available. Beta Hydroxy Acid (Salicyclic acid REFRESH CLEANSER) is great for treating adult acne because it reduces pimple inflammation, helping to keep the pores from clogging. Alpha and Beta Hydroxy acids also remove dead skin cells sitting on the dermis. Another treatment available is Tretinoin or Retinol, (REACTIVATE RETINOL) a cream based on Vitamin A that increases the rate at which skin cells are renewed, reducing the potential for clogged pores and inflammation. Roaccutane is a similar Vitamin A derivative that you can take orally under guidance from your doctor.

Other oral options are available for those with skin sensitive to topical creams. Contraceptives can have several benefits beyond preventing pregnancy; because these pills help balance hormone levels, they can be an effective adult acne treatment.

Final thoughts

Adult acne happens to many of us, but in most cases simple treatments and stress interventions can keep these infections at bay. Using skin care solutions & treatments to prevent acne is important, as it reduces scarring and boosts your self esteem. If you have chronic acne and can’t seem to lose it even with these treatments, a dermatologist can work with you to help make your acne a thing of the past.

You may wish to consider our Acne Fighter Pack.

For problem/oily skin;

  • Remove dead skin cells with AHA/BHA cleanser – high concentrations of salicylic, glycolic and lactic acid keep your skin clear
  • Vitamin A – Retinol – has been used by dermatologists for many years in problem skin patients. High strength 0.9% Retinol.
  • Moisturiser with sunscreen 18.5% zinc oxide – Retinol can make you sun sensitive, and dry. It is important to have some light moisture and protection while using Retinol

By Mike Clague